The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions, and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 450 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 94 amendments.
The Constitution was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950.India celebrates the adoption of the constitution on 26 January each year as Republic Day.
Parts: The Individual Articles Of The Constitution Are Grouped Together Into The Following
Part I - Union And Its Territory
Part II - Citizenship.
Part III - Fundamental Rights
Part IV - Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties.
Part V - The Union.
Part VI - The States.
Part VII - States In The B Part Of The First Schedule(Repealed).
Part VIII - The Union Territories
Part IX - Panchayat System And Municipalities.
Part X - The Scheduled And Tribal Areas
Part XI - Relations Between The Union And The States.
Part XII - Finance, Property, Contracts And Suits
Part XIII - Trade And Commerce Within The Territory Of India
Part XIV - Services Under The Union, The States And Tribunals
Part XV - Elections
Part XVI - Special Provisions Relating To Certain Classes.
Part XVII - Languages
Part XVIII - Emergency Provisions
Part XIX - Miscellaneous
Part XX - Amendment Of The Constitution
Part XXI - Temporary, Transitional And Special Provisions
Part XXII - Short Title, Date Of Commencement, Authoritative Text In Hindi And Repeals